Anthropologists work with humans their cultures, societies, languages, and ways of life, in addition to their bones and artifacts.
Some paleontologists do study the fossil record of humans and their relatives.
Human kinship relations through marriage are commonly called "affinity" in contrast to the relationships that arise in one's group of origin, which may be called one's descent group.
In some cultures, kinship relationships may be considered to extend out to people an individual has economic or political relationships with, or other forms of social connections.
Another difference between the two traditions is the Christian belief in the centrality of the crucifixion of Jesus as a single event that some believe acts as the atonement of sins, and its direct contrast to Buddhist teachings.
Though some early Christians were aware of Buddhism, which was practiced in both the Greek and Roman Empires in the pre-Christian period, the majority of modern Christian scholarship has roundly rejected any historical basis for the travels of Jesus to India or Tibet or direct influences between the teachings of Christianity in the West and Buddhism, and has seen the attempts at parallel symbolism as cases of parallelomania which exaggerate resemblances.
However, paleontology as a whole encompasses all life, from bacteria to whales.
Paleontology does not usually deal with artifacts made by humans.
This is an informational tour in which students gain a basic understanding of geologic time, the evidence for events in Earth’s history, relative and absolute dating techniques, and the significance of the Geologic Time Scale.
The science that studies human cultures is called anthropology.
Some paleontologists study the ecology of the past; others work on the evolution of fossil taxa.
For additional information on the subdisciplines of paleontology, read our "What is paleontology? Archaeologists primarily work with human artifacts objects that have been made by humans and with human remains.
Within a culture, some descent groups may be considered to lead back to gods or animal ancestors (totems).