External shutters also protected windows from vandalism, and were common on the ground floor windows of vulnerable buildings like public houses, at a time when glass was expensive.
It is rare to find shutters dating from before the late 17th century and most date from the 18th and 19th centuries.
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Shutters are a vital if often overlooked feature of many historic houses.
In the medieval period, when most windows were unglazed, shutters kept out wind, rain, insects and birds.
As an introduction to names in Gloucestershire it is useful to look at Guppy's study of names carried out in the 1880s.
Guppy analysed the origin and distribution of names across Great Britain by looking at the occurence of the names of yeoman farmers.
The Butchers Arms offer a wide range of high quality, locally and internationally sourced cuisine.
A range of delicious, starters, sumptuous main courses and tasty puddings are complemented by beautiful surroundings and first class service!
Adjunct Professor Nigel Spooner was awarded a DPhil (Physics, Oxon) in 1993, following which he relocated to establish and head the “Luminescence Dating Laboratory” (LDL) at RSES, Australian National University, Australia. Surface analysis and treatment of extruded fluoride phosphate glass preforms for optical fiber fabrication. 10.1111/jace.14269Arnold, L., Duval, M., Demuro, M., Spooner, N., Santonja, M.
Research focussed on environmental dosimetry utilising luminescence induced in artificial and naturally-occurring environmental materials by ionising radiation from natural and man-made sources in the environment.
I have used various sources including the Census material; parish records; Guppy's book 'Homes of Family Names of Great Britain'; my own family research; various histories of Gloucestershire including Biglands book on the genealogy of the county as well as many histories of individual towns and villages.
David Hey in his book 'The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History' talks of every part of Great Britain still retaining names that are characteristic of the area.
They are perhaps the least-studied feature of historic houses and our knowledge of their dating and development will remain limited until more research has been done.